West Bengal election 2021 consequence: 7 the reason why Mamata Banerjee received | India Information – Occasions of India
NEW DELHI: West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress (TMC) on Sunday registered a 3rd consecutive victory within the state meeting election.
Mamata, the TMC supremo, efficiently took on the BJP juggernaut led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and residential minister Amit Shah moreover a battery of nationwide and state leaders.
Although the BJP had set a goal of successful greater than 200 of the 292 seats, which went to polls, it was the TMC as a substitute which crossed the double century mark. Within the course of, the BJP bought restricted to double digit figures.
These are seven the reason why Mamata-led TMC received the 2021 West Bengal meeting election:
The BJP had hoped to get votes of girls on the idea of the a number of initiatives that the Modi authorities on the Centre has taken for them within the final six-seven years resembling constructing bathrooms, giving LPG connection, promising to present tapped water in each family and the likes.
Nonetheless, election after election, the ladies have stood solidly behind Mamata who additionally carried out a number of welfare measures for them. Her chorus on this election was that she herself is a feminine and a “daughter of Bengal”.
West Bengal has 3.7 crore girls voters who represent 49 per cent of the voters. Mamata has carried out about 200 women-centric schemes resembling Kanyashree and Rupashree which grant funds for training and marriage, Sabooj Sathi which supplies bicycles for woman college students and training loans.
On this 12 months’s election manifesto, the TMC had promised free supply of ration on the doorstep It has additionally promised the implementation of a ‘Monthly Basic Income’ scheme beneath which the “women heads of families” might be entitled to a stipend of Rs 500-1000 monthly.
The TMC earned the dividend for launching women-centric schemes. Within the 2016 meeting election, 52 per cent of its votes is believed to have come from girls. The identical pattern was witnessed within the 2019 Lok Sabha election when the BJP received 18 and the TMC 22 of the 42 seats. Then, 51 per cent of the TMC’s votes got here from girls.
The BJP thought-about the ladies as “silent voters”. However they’ve chosen to vote for Didi.
Muslims represent about 30 per cent of West Bengal’s inhabitants and their votes are decisive in 100-110 of the 294 meeting seats, located largely within the districts of Kolkata, Murshidabad, Malda, and North and South Dinajpur. Because the 2011 meeting election, they’ve voted for the TMC.
The TMC had retained workplace in 2016 by successful 204 meeting constituencies with the essential assist of those Muslim-dominated seats. Ever since Mamata Banerjee got here to workplace in her first stint in 2011, she has been wooing the Muslims by saying a number of sops for them.
For example, her TMC authorities gave a month-to-month stipend of upto Rs 2,500 to about 60,000 imams and muezzins, distributed bicycles to woman college students enrolled in madrassas, prolonged scholarships to Muslim college students of Class I to X, provided reservation to Muslim OBCs and has declared Urdu because the second language within the Muslim-populated districts.
Apart from these, her authorities had banned a TV serial scripted by activist Taslima Nasreen in December 2013 after Muslim fundamentalists objected to it. The Mamata authorities had additionally put restrictions on Saraswati Puja celebrations and immersion of Goddess Durga idols.
As a result of her Muslim appeasement, she is commonly taunted by being known as “Mumtaz Begum”.
Nonetheless, her Muslim votebank gave the impression to be threatened on this election with the entry of the top of the favored shrine of Furfura Sharif in Hooghly district Pirzada Abbas Siddiqui-led Indian Secular Entrance (ISF) and All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) chief Asaduddin Owaisi. ISF tied up with the Congress and the Left as a Sanyukt Morcha.
However the Muslims appear to have voted en bloc for the TMC.
3. BJP’s failed counter-polarisation
The BJP’s makes an attempt at counter-polarisation of Hindu votes seem to have helped it solely to a small extent. The BJP’s efforts to woo the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) additionally didn’t pay wealthy dividends.
The PM went to Bangladesh on March 26 on a two-day go to on the invitation of his counterpart Sheikh Hasina for the dual events of the neighbouring nation’s 50 years of nationhood and the centenary of Bangabandhu Mujibur Rahman.
On March 27, the day West Bengal confronted first of the eight phases of elections, he visited Orakandi, a small city in Gopalganj which is taken into account to be the cradle of the Matua Mahasangha. It’s the birthplace of Matua sect founder Harichand Thakur. He delivered a speech after providing prayers on the Orakandi Temple.
The Matua Mahasangha was based round 1860 in Orakandi in Bangladesh. A sizeable variety of Matuas migrated to West Bengal through the 1947 partition. The subsequent lot got here through the 1971 warfare and the creation of Bangladesh.
Matuas are a sect of Vaishnavite Hindus and belong to the SC class. Round three crore Matuas are settled across the Thakurnagar space of North and South 24 Parganas and Nadia. Believed to vote en bloc, they’re dominant in about 35 meeting seats in these districts.
Until the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the Matuas voted for Mamata. Nonetheless, Shantanu Thakur of the BJP received the Bongaon seat in 2019, defeating Mamata Bala of the TMC. The BJP led in practically 20 of the 35 meeting segments with a major Matua inhabitants within the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
Shantanu’s brother Subrata Thakur was the BJP candidate from Gaighata meeting constituency. Shantanu accompanied PM Modi to Orakandi.
Prime Minister Modi’s go to to Bangladesh didn’t consolidate the Hindu voters typically who’ve migrated from the neighbouring nation and the Matuas particularly favour of the BJP.
4. Final 3 phases of election
The West Bengal election, which began on March 27, noticed aggressive campaigning by each the TMC and the BJP within the first 5 phases which bought over on April 17. The BJP fielded Modi, Shah, occasion president JP Nadda, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Adityanath Yogi and a number of other Union ministers amongst others.
Nonetheless, the second wave of the COVID-19 hit the nation within the second week of April. The BJP star campaigners together with Modi and Shah both cancelled their public rallies or held digital rallies within the final three phases of voting which have been held on April 22, 26 and 29.
However Mamata continued together with her public rallies until the final part of election. She appears to have taken an edge over the BJP by holding rallies until the final part of election.
5. Congress walkover
The Congress’s high two leaders – Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra – evaded most components of the West Bengal elections. Whereas Priyanka by no means campaigned within the state, Rahul held public rallies solely on April 14, forward of the fifth part of the election which was held on April 17.
On April 18, he introduced cancellation of different public conferences. Two days in a while April 20, it was introduced that he had examined optimistic for COVID-19.
With the Nehru-Gandhis virtually maintaining away from campaigning, they gave a walkover to the TMC. The anti-TMC votes didn’t cut up as a lot as it might have, had the Congress remained within the fray with gusto. It helped Mamata in a serious manner.
BJP basic secretary answerable for Kailash Vijavaygiya accused the Congress and the Left of “surrendering” earlier than the TMC. “The Left and Congress surrendered to help the TMC win,” he mentioned.
A serious a part of the blame for the second wave of COVID-19 was being heaped on Modi and the BJP-led central authorities.
The BJP didn’t counter the allegations towards the Modi authorities of getting tousled in dealing with the COVID-19 scenario which noticed a document variety of folks getting contaminated and dying as a result of shortage of hospital beds and oxygen.
This proved to be dangerous publicity towards the BJP and it performed a task within the BJP’s defeat in West Bengal.
7. Sympathy for Mamata
Mamata Banerjee apparently succeeded in successful the sympathy of the voters on a number of counts. She was seen as a lonely girl taking over the aggressive marketing campaign of the BJP led by Modi and Shah.
Secondly, Mamata’s assault on the BJP as a celebration being led by “outsiders” additionally appears to have labored in her favour.
Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar had benefitted from an identical scenario within the 2015 state meeting election when Modi and Shah had led an aggressive marketing campaign towards the JD(U) chief. The Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance) comprising JD(U), RJD and the Congress had trounced the BJP.
PM Modi’s “Didi, o Didi” jibe at Mamata appears to have helped the latter as she alone has succeeded in defeating the BJP.
Secondly, Mamata’s fractured leg additionally has helped her acquire sympathy from the voters. She sustained accidents to her left leg and waist on March 10, the day she filed her nomination for election from Nandigram. She was admitted to SSKM hospital in Kolkata. She was discharged from the hospital on March 12.
Whereas she tried to attract as a lot sympathy as potential from the highly effective imagery of campaigning on a wheelchair with the plastered leg, the BJP made all efforts to make sure that she didn’t derive political mileage out of the incident.
The entire train of the TMC and the BJP involving Mamata’s leg harm revolved round cut-throat vote financial institution politics. The TMC claimed that the “assault was a deep-rooted conspiracy to take the lifetime of the TMC supremo”. It accused the BJP of mobilising anti-social elements from the neighbouring states in Nandigram to unleash violence.
The BJP was quick to react lest Mamata won sympathy for the incident. It called the incident an accident and quoted few “eye-witnesses” to buttress its argument. A BJP delegation also met the Election Commission on March 12 besides addressing a letter to the poll body.