What causes frequent dizziness?
Many people are acquainted with the sensation of feeling dizzy whereas mendacity down on mattress after which standing up instantly. There are additionally occasions when one experiences dizziness that disrupts their stability. Why does it occur?
Dr Pawan Ojha, a senior neurologist at Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi-A Fortis community Hospital, says this might be an indication of ‘vertigo’. “Dizziness might imply vertigo, fainting, poor body balance, or even fits. Vertigo is a type of dizziness where you feel like you are spinning. These feelings may last from a few seconds to days and often worsen with movement,” he says.
In response to the physician, vertigo is usually attributable to “disease of the vestibular system”. “The vestibular system inside the inner ear helps in sensing our head position in space relative to the body, and works in an integrated manner with the brain to maintain body position. Vertigo can result from diseases of the vestibular nerve or parts of the brain that deal with body balance.”
How large of an issue is it?
The illnesses associated to the inside ear and its nerve provide are typically thought-about much less worrisome. ‘Benign positional vertigo’ usually causes essentially the most extreme vertigo however could be handled simply, the physician says.
“Another important cause of vertigo is ‘vestibular neuritis’ which occurs due to viral infection or autoimmune disease of the vestibular nerve, where vertigo, nausea, or vomiting can last up to several days. Meniere’s Disease is caused by a build-up of fluid in the inner ear tubes, causing episodic vertigo with ringing in the ears and hearing loss. The exact cause is unclear, a viral infection, an autoimmune reaction or a genetic component could be the trigger,” explains Dr Ojha.
He provides that vertigo that’s attributable to a mind illness ought to be thought-about worrisome and handled on an pressing foundation. “Stroke is an important and serious condition causing dizziness. Apart from this, brain infection, multiple sclerosis, hypothyroidism and other biochemical disturbances can cause vertigo even in the absence of fever.”
If it’s a critical reason for vertigo, indicators will embody extreme headache, persistent vomiting and imbalance, double imaginative and prescient, imaginative and prescient issues, sudden listening to loss, or early indicators of mind stroke (weak spot or numbness in arm or leg, face drooping to 1 facet, bother whereas talking or swallowing). People who find themselves 60+, with diabetes, hypertension, smoking and historical past of coronary heart illness or mind stroke, ought to be further cautious, the physician warns.
“Limit sodium intake, avoid caffeine, chocolate, alcohol, and tobacco. If diagnosed in time, brain stroke can be efficiently treated with clot busters and/or interventional treatment. If vertigo is caused by another serious problem, such as brain tumor or injury to the brain or neck, surgical treatment might be necessary,” says Dr Ojha.